Khadoor Sahib, also known as Khadoor Sahib, is a village in the Amritsar district in the State of Punjab.
Khadoor Sahib is an extremely important place for Sikhs as it has been sanctified by visits from 8 of the Sikh Gurus, more than any other location.
Sri Guru Nanak Sahib Ji is said to have visited Khadoor once to meet his Sikh, Bhai Jodha, a Khaira Jat. It was through Bhai Jodha's example that Bhai Lehna (later, Sri Guru Angad Sahib Ji) was led to seek Guru Nanak's precept.
Guru Angad's father, Baba Pheru, having left his ancestral village, Matte di Sarai (now known as Sarai Naga), when it was ransacked by the mughals and baloches.
Baba Pheru moved on from the temporary home at Harike and made Khadoor his home. Baba Pheru's sister Mai Bharai was already married in Khadoor; his son, Bhai Lehna, was married here in 1519.
After the anointment of Bhai Lehna as Sri Guru Angad Sahib Ji in 1539, he, following Guru Nanak's instructions, returned to Khadoor, which became the centre of the Sikh faith. Guru Angad lived in Khadoor Sahib until his death in 1552. It was at Khadoor Sahib that Amar Das served him as a Sikh and was in turn himself anointed Sri Guru Amar Das Ji.
There are 7 Historic Sikh Gurdwaras in Khadoor Sahib.
Gurdwara Sri Darbar Sahib Khadoor is also known as Gurdwara Sri Angeetha Sahib and is located within a high walled compound entered through an old two storeyed gateway. The Gurdwara comprises a square domed sanctum with a circumambulatory passage and a hall in the front. The sanctum marks the site where Guru Angad's body was cremated.
An old well, near the gateway, is called Bibi Amro Ji da khooh (or the Well of Bibi Amro) who was Guru Angad's daughter. Bibi Amro's singing inspired Baba Amar Das to seek spiritual solace at the feet of Guru Angad. When Bibi Amro had the well dug the water was saline. Guru Angad provided a wooden log and asked for it to be thrown into the well. Afterwards, the water became drinkable.
Gurdwara Sri Darbar Sahib Khadoor was Sri Guru Angad Sahib Ji's home.
Sri Guru Amar Das Ji served Guru Angad here for around 12 years, fetching water from the Beas near Goindwal every day.
Sri Guru Ram Das Ji visited Khadoor Sahib while travelling from Goindwal Sahib to Guru Chak (Amritsar).
Sri Guru Arjan Sahib Ji visited Khadoor Sahib while travelling from Goindwal Sahib to Amritsar.
Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji visited Khadoor Sahib with his family, after the marriage of his daughter Bibi Viro, on the way to Goindwal Sahib.
Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji visited Khadoor Sahib, with 2200 Sikh horse riders while travelling to Goindwal Sahib.
Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji visited Khadoor Sahib after becoming Guru, ensuring that Sikh places were being properly maintained.
The great philosopher Bhai Gurdas Ji also lived at Khadoor Sahib for some time.
One day, when Bhai Lehna (the future Guru Angad Sahib Ji) went to take bath at the village pond in Khadoor Sahib he heard a sacred hymn which sounded amazing.
Close to Gurdwara Sri Darbar Sahib is a square domed marble pavilion called Gurdwara Sri Khaddi Sahib, also known as Gurdwara Killa Sahib. This was a weaver's pit, or Khaddi in Punjabi, which is the loom of a cloth weaver. This was where Baba (later Guru) Amar Das, carrying a pitcher of water for Guru Angad during a pitch dark night, stumbled against a killa or peg. Despite his fall, he succeeded in saving the water filled pitcher. The noise of the fall awakened the weaver who suspected a thief.
When the weaver's wife heard a voice uttering 'Japji' she told her husband that it was no thief but the poor, mad and homeless Amar Das, the aged servant of Guru Angad. When the incident came to the notice of Guru Angad, he remarked, "Amar Das is not homeless, mad and lowly. He shall be the home of the homeless, and honour of the unhonoured, the strength of the strengthless, the support of the unsupported, the shelter of the shelterless, the protector of the unprotected, and the emancipator of the captives." Afterwards, it was the weavers wife that became mad. At the touch of Guru Angad's foot the killa turned green and grew into a Karir tree. With time, the tree has dried out but is still preserved in a frame for visiting Sikhs.
About 100 metres to the west of Gurdwara Sri Darbar Sahib, constructed where Mai Bharai's house once stood. This marks another site consecrated by Guru Nanak and Guru Angad. Mai Bharai was the Guru's bhua, which means paternal aunt. Sri Guru Nanak Sahib Ji came to Khadoor at least 5 times and would stay at Mai Bharai's house. According to Sikh chronicles, after Guru Angad arrived at Khadoor from Kartarpur, where Guru Nanak had anointed him his successor, he decided to go into undisturbed prayers and remembrance of God for some time.
On Guru Nanak's arrival at the Khadoor, he met a woman called Mai Bharai.
On 7th September 1539, Guru Nanak assembled the Sikhs and then ordered his people to obey, and serve Angad (previously known as Bhai Lehna) with the same devotion with which they had served him.
Guru Angad did not go to his own house and shut himself in a small room at Mai Bharai's house and locked the door from the inside. The Sangats that went to Kartarpur to see the new Guru were led to back to Khadoor by Baba Budha. Baba Budha, risking the Guru's displeasure, made a hole in one of the walls of the room in Mai Bharai's house. He bowed at the Guru's feet and announced how the Sikhs waited outside for a sight of him. Guru Angad came out of his temporary seclusion to meet the Sikhs.
The new building of Gurdwara Sri Mai Bharai Sahib, constructed during the 1980's, is a high ceilinged hall with a gallery. Its walls are lined with streaked marble slabs. The sanctum at the far end of the hall is topped by three storeys of square pavilions and a dome all covered with white glazed tiles.
Gurdwara Sri Mal Akhaara Sahib is associated with the place where Sri Guru Angad Sahib Ji promoted the use of standardised version of the Gurmukhi script so that the whole of Punjab could use a single written version of the Punjabi language. This where Guru Ji established the first Sikh school and prepared the first Gutka of Guru Nanak Sahib's Gurbani and also wrote his own Gurbani.
The Sakhi (story) of when Emperor Humayun visited Guru Angad.
Mal Akhaara literally means wrestlers pit. It is the place where the first Mal Akhara, for wrestling, was established and where regular campaigns against intoxicants and social evils were started by Guru Angad. Here the Guru Ji also taught children Gurmukhi letters. Even now young scholars are trained here in reciting the Guru Granth Sahib. The Gurdwara has a fine hall with canopied doors.
According to local tradition, Gurdwara Sri Tapiana Sahib marks the site where Guru Nanak, accompanied by Bhai Bala and Bhai Mardana, preached to a gathering of Sikhs. It was here again that the events of Guru Nanak's life are said to have been recorded, in the form of a Janamsakhi.
A small platform near the Gurdwara marks the spot where Bhai Bala's mortal remains were cremated. The Gurdwara comprises a square hall on a high plinth. The Guru Granth Sahib is seated on a canopied throne of white marble. A lotus dome with an ornamental gold plated pinnacle and an umbrella shaped finial tops the hall, which also has a square shaped domed kiosk above each of its corners. In front of the hall, in the middle of a one acre brickpaved compound, is the sarovar.
Gurdwara Sri Thara Sahib Khadoor, stands on the spot where Sri Guru Amar Das Ji was formally recognised as Guru from the blessed hands of Baba Budha Ji who served the first six Sikh Gurus. Baba Budha was also the first Granthi (custodian) of Sri Harmandir Sahib.
There were many incidents that had helped Guru Angad decide who his successor would be.
Gurdwara Tap Asthan Guru Angad Sahib is situated opposite Gurdwara Sri Tapiana Sahib, marks the site where Guru Angad sat praying to God on the instructions of Guru Nanak. It is a square domed hall with domed cubicles at top corners. The central dome has a gold plated pinnacle, an umbrella shaped finial and a khanda at the apex.
All these Gurdwaras are managed by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee through a local committee. There is also a Sikh Ajaib Ghar (museum) with many historical paintings, manuscripts, hukumnamey, coins and documents about the development of Gurmukhi.
Gurmat Gyan (Knowledge)
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