The Naming Of Chohla Sahib
Sakhi Sarwar had a great influence in the rural areas. The jats and farmers of other castes, who had no faith in hinduism, were becoming followers of Sakhi Sarwar. Notwithstanding Prithi Chand's attempts to intimidate the Sikhs in Amritsar, the Guru's quarrelsome brother continued to give him every form of annoyance.
Consequently Guru Arjan decided to leave Amritsar and travel in the Majha region of Punjab spreading the message of Sikhi. This was the country between the Ravi and Beas rivers. Some of the places Guru Arjan and his Sikhs visited were Jandiala, Khadur Sahib, Goindwal Sahib, Chohla Sahib, Khanpur, Khara, Tarn Taran Sahib, Guru Ki Wadali and Kartarpur.
After visiting Goindwal Sahib, Guru Arjan proceeded to the village of Sarhali, where he sought to obtain land to build himself a home. A Sikh of the village of Bhaini invited the Guru to visit him, and the Guru knowing his devotion consented. When Guru Arjan and his Sikhs arrived in the village of Bhaini it was approaching night.
The Sikh's wife saw that the Guru was hungry, but at the same time it would take too long to cook vegetables for his dinner. She therefore prepared a delicious dish of Churi (broken bread mixed with sugar and butter), and laid it before him. Guru Arjan was pleased, he thanked her and said, "The name of this village shall now be known as Chohla." (that is, a delicious dish). Guru Ji mentioned the following Gurbani;
ਧਨਾਸਰੀ ਮਹਲਾ ੫ ॥
Ḏẖanāsrī mėhlā 5.
Dhanaasaree, Fifth Mehl:
ਬਾਰਿ ਜਾਉ ਗੁਰ ਅਪੁਨੇ ਊਪਰਿ ਜਿਨਿ ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਦ੍ਰਿੜ੍ਹ੍ਹਾਯਾ ॥
Bār jā▫o gur apune ūpar jin har har nām ḏariṛ▫ā▫yā.
I am a sacrifice to my Guru, who has implanted the Name of the Lord, Har, Har, within me.
ਮਹਾ ਉਦਿਆਨ ਅੰਧਕਾਰ ਮਹਿ ਜਿਨਿ ਸੀਧਾ ਮਾਰਗੁ ਦਿਖਾਯਾ ॥੧॥
Mahā uḏi▫ān anḏẖkār mėh jin sīḏẖā mārag ḏikẖā▫yā. ||1||
In the utter darkness of the wilderness, He showed me the straight path. ||1||
ਹਮਰੇ ਪ੍ਰਾਨ ਗੁਪਾਲ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ॥
Hamre parān gupāl gobinḏ.
The Lord of the universe, the cherisher of the world, God is my breath of life.
ਈਹਾ ਊਹਾ ਸਰਬ ਥੋਕ ਕੀ ਜਿਸਹਿ ਹਮਾਰੀ ਚਿੰਦ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
Īhā ūhā sarab thok kī jisahi hamārī cẖinḏ. ||1|| rahā▫o.
Here and hereafter, God takes care of everything for me. ||1||Pause||
ਜਾ ਕੈ ਸਿਮਰਨਿ ਸਰਬ ਨਿਧਾਨਾ ਮਾਨੁ ਮਹਤੁ ਪਤਿ ਪੂਰੀ ॥
Jā kai simran sarab niḏẖānā mān mahaṯ paṯ pūrī.
Meditating on God in remembrance, I have found all treasures, respect, greatness and perfect honor.
ਨਾਮੁ ਲੈਤ ਕੋਟਿ ਅਘ ਨਾਸੇ ਭਗਤ ਬਾਛਹਿ ਸਭਿ ਧੂਰੀ ॥੨॥
Nām laiṯ kot agẖ nāse bẖagaṯ bācẖẖėh sabẖ ḏẖūrī. ||2||
Remembering God's Name, millions of sins are erased; all worshippers long for the dust of God's feet. ||2||
ਸਰਬ ਮਨੋਰਥ ਜੇ ਕੋ ਚਾਹੈ ਸੇਵੈ ਏਕੁ ਨਿਧਾਨਾ ॥
Sarab manorath je ko cẖāhai sevai ek niḏẖānā.
If someone wishes for the fulfillment of all their hopes and desires, they should serve the one supreme treasure.
ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਅਪਰੰਪਰ ਸੁਆਮੀ ਸਿਮਰਤ ਪਾਰਿ ਪਰਾਨਾ ॥੩॥
Pārbarahm aprampar su▫āmī simraṯ pār parānā. ||3||
God is the Supreme Lord God, infinite Lord and Master; meditating on God in remembrance, one is carried across. ||3||
ਸੀਤਲ ਸਾਂਤਿ ਮਹਾ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ਸੰਤਸੰਗਿ ਰਹਿਓ ਓਲ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ॥
Sīṯal sāŉṯ mahā sukẖ pā▫i▫ā saṯsang rahi▫o olĥā.
I have found total peace and tranquility in the Society of the Saints; my honor has been preserved.
ਹਰਿ ਧਨੁ ਸੰਚਨੁ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਭੋਜਨੁ ਇਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਕੀਨੋ ਚੋਲ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ॥੪॥੮॥
Har ḏẖan sancẖan har nām bẖojan ih Nānak kīno cẖolĥā. ||4||8||
To gather in the Lord's wealth, and to taste the food of the Lord's Name - Nanak has made this his feast. ||4||8||
~ Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Guru Arjan, Ang 672
The name Bhaini was duly changed to Chohla in the government records of the period. The Guru and his family stayed at Chohla Sahib for a lengthy period. At the time, Guru Arjan also composed the following;
ਆਸਾ ਮਹਲਾ ੫ ॥
Āsā mėhlā 5.
Aasaa, Fifth Mehl:
ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਅਮੋਲਾ ॥
Har har nām amolā.
The Name of the Lord, Har, Har, is priceless.
ਓਹੁ ਸਹਜਿ ਸੁਹੇਲਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
Oh sahj suhelā. ||1|| rahā▫o.
It brings peace and poise. ||1||Pause||
ਸੰਗਿ ਸਹਾਈ ਛੋਡਿ ਨ ਜਾਈ ਓਹੁ ਅਗਹ ਅਤੋਲਾ ॥੧॥
Sang sahā▫ī cẖẖod na jā▫ī oh agah aṯolā. ||1||
The Lord is my companion and helper; God shall not forsake me or leave me. God is unfathomable and unequalled. ||1||
ਪ੍ਰੀਤਮੁ ਭਾਈ ਬਾਪੁ ਮੋਰੋ ਮਾਈ ਭਗਤਨ ਕਾ ਓਲ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ॥੨॥
Parīṯam bẖā▫ī bāp moro mā▫ī bẖagṯan kā olĥā. ||2||
God is my Beloved, my brother, father and mother; God is the support of its devotees. ||2||
ਅਲਖੁ ਲਖਾਇਆ ਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਪਾਇਆ ਨਾਨਕ ਇਹੁ ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਚੋਲ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ॥੩॥੫॥੧੪੫॥
Alakẖ lakẖā▫i▫ā gur ṯe pā▫i▫ā Nānak ih har kā cẖolĥā. ||3||5||145||
The Invisible Lord is seen through the Guru; O Nanak, this is the wondrous play of the Lord. ||3||5||145||
~ Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Guru Arjan, Ang 407
Associated with Sri Guru Arjan Sahib Ji, Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.
The village of Bhaini was renamed as Chohla by Sri Guru Arjan Sahib Ji.