Bhatt Salh, a devotee Bard, whose three Swaiyas are incorporated in the Adi Granth, was protagonist of Gurmat Philosophy. He carried out preachings of Gurmat. He was from a Gurmukh/ Vedic Family. Not much is known about his history. In his 3 hymns, he explained the way the a soul can control its internal vices and move forward through the path of dharma with the results such a soul will get. He also admired and explained that how Satgur Amar Das and Satgur Ram Das can carry a soul across to other side. His three hymns covered the whole Gurmat philosophy in brief.
Gurmat Philosophy in Bard Salh Hymns
Bhatt Salh solved various questions of Gurmat in his bani which could bring the mindset of reader accurately under Gurmat Thought. Following is questions which could be easily solved through bani of Bhatt Salh:
What are Demons?
How to Control Vices?
With whom Satgur Amardas Fought? What weapons he used to fight?
How to control Attachment, Desire, Greed and anger?
What is Sacha Takhat-The True Throne? What is Atal Raaj - The Eternal Kingship
What is Parmesar and Satgur and difference of both?
How could a Human like Satgur Amardas be Emancipator?
What is path of Satgur Ram Das?
What are Demons?
ਕਾਮ ਕਰੋਧ ਲੋਭ ਮੋਹ ਅਪਤ ਪੰਚ ਦੂਤ ਬਿਖੰਡਿਓ ॥
He has cut down the five demons of unfulfilled sexual desire, unresolved anger, unsatisfied greed, emotional attachment and self-conceit.
In Gurmat Philosphy, as explained by Bhatt Salh, demons are a state of the soul in which a soul's thoughts takes it away from truth. All such souls, thoughts or people having such idea's are called demons. It could be a Keshdhari Sikh or a saffron dressed hindu or green dressed muslim.
Attachment (Moh) is the quality of a demon. As 'attachment' has a demonic quality, it is also attributed as a demon because this keeps a person to be consumed with the temporal world and they forget to move forward in spiritually.
Desire (Kaam) is another quality of a demon. Desires should be those which are only absolutely necessary for the body or soul. Other or more extreme desires for just the body are not recommended. Desires lead to attachment with temporal things and this mean the soul move away from its main mission. Such soul will never able to get to the true throne and eternal kingship. Sexual desire is a part of Kaam.
Anger is third demon. It does not let soul remain attached with itself. It declines spiritual growth and affects body. In anger, a person speaks rubbish, which is not Gurmat. Speaking Gurmat one should speak through intellect.
Greed is another demons, which if stuck to the soul, keeps one entangled in money and worldly affairs.
Ego is a demon which brings a persons selfishness, self-centredness (showing off, etc) to the front. A soul should be humble as possible and this cannot happen when it is blinded by ego.
There is relation between these demons as explained by Bhatt Salh.
ਮੋਹ ਮਲਿ ਬਿਵਸਿ ਕੀਅਉ ਕਾਮ ਗਹਿ ਕੇਸ ਪਛਾੜਯਯਉ ॥
He has crushed and overpowered emotional attachment. He seized sexual desire by the hair, and threw it down. Bard Sala-y
ਕਰੋਧ ਖੰਡਿ ਪਰਚੰਡਿ ਲੋਭ ਅਪਮਾਨ ਸਿਉ ਝਾੜਯਯਉ ॥
He cut anger into pieces, and sent greed away in disgrace.(Page 1406, Line 11)
Of these, one swaiya is in praise of the 3rd Guru and two swaiyas are in praise of the 4th Guru. According to Bhatt Salh, the Gurus had attained their spiritual heights through meditation, dedication and devotion. They had captured victory over the worldly desires by controlling their mind. They had subjugated the evils like passion, anger, greed, ego and lust and were perfect examples of contentment, after acquiring the boon of Naam (name of the lord).
You are the True Master, throughout the Four Ages, As the Lord's Light is dwelling in your heart.
From the beginning of the world, the angels, heavenly laodies, Seekers and the true followers,
Longed to serve thee.
You are the Primal Lord, from time in memory of man, And it is you who have upheld all the three worlds. You are the saviour of the Vedas.
You have mastered the circle of births and deaths.
Guru Amardas has established you as liberator of the world, And now, you ferry across the ocean, one and all.
Says Salh the Bhatt, "You are the only one, the liberator and dispeller of sins".
I submit myse#-to your compassion, Guru Amardas! (2-60)
Adi Granth, p.1406