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A deputation of Sikhs came to the Guru from Kashmir and represented to him that the pandits of that country had advised them to discontinue the reading of the Guru's hymns and turn their attention to Sanskrit compositions and hindu worship, otherwise they would have no communication with them. They therefore prayed the Guru to send a competent Sikh to Kashmir to silence the pandits and extend the Guru's faith in that direction.

Bhai Madho

The Guru accordingly sent Bhai Madho on that important errand. He commissioned him to instruct the Kashmiri's to rise before day, perform their ablutions, repeat and sing the Gurus' hymns, associate with holy men, observe the Gurus' anniversaries, distribute sacred food, give a tenth of their earnings to the Sikh cause, share their food with others, speak civilly, live humbly, and adopt the other rules and observances of the Sikhs.

Humanitarian Vow

Numerous stories are told by the author of the Suraj Parkash to illustrate the miraculous power and teachings of Guru Arjan. A Sikh called Tiloka, an officer in the Kabul army, had thoughtlessly killed a female deer. On opening the animal two embryos were discovered. Tiloka was much distressed at his inhumanity in killing the animal, and vowed never to go hunting again. To further his humanitarian vow he resolved to wear a wooden sword for the future. When the king heard of this, and held a parade for the purpose of examining the officers arms, Tiloka's sword was, as the result of his invocation of the Guru, changed into polished steel, and he thus escaped punishment for what would otherwise have been a grave military offence.

False Weight

One Kataru, the king's weighman, also came from Kabul. When he solicited instruction from the Guru, he was told to use just weights and discharge his duties honestly. When he returned to his office in Kabul, a bama, or petty shopkeeper, with evil and malicious intent, placed in his shop a false weight, which he unknowingly used. The bania went to the king to lay information against Kataru. The king proposed to inspect the weighing apparatus, and Kataru, hearing this, prayed to the Guru to protect him.

The Guru, who was in Amritsar, knew of his distress. At that moment a poor Sikh came to the Guru with a small offering of five paise. The Guru took the coins, passed them from one hand to the other simultaneously with the king's inspection, so when the king tried both scales the weights appeared correct. The Guru explained the meaning of his act to an inquiring Sikh. The king of Kabul was satisfied with his inspection, and Kataru on paying a second visit to Amritsar attested the Guru's explanation in every respect.

Speak The Truth

One Chuhar, a chaudhri, went to the Guru for religious instruction. The Guru told him ever to speak the truth. The village dignitary said it was impossible for a man in his position to avoid speaking lies. The Guru directed him to depart, and keep an account of his lies and of his good acts, and bring it to him at the end of every month. After the first month there were no good but many lies. The Guru obliged him to read out the account in open darbar, and publicly confess his sins, where he felt ashamed. The second month the account showed better. There was steady progress in virtue until the eighth month, when no lies appeared, and there was a clean sheet. The Guru then absolved him and granted him release from transmigration.

How Can We Be Saved

Lalu, Balu, and Haridas asked the Guru to tell them how they could be saved. He replied, "Banish pride, worldly love, and envy. Bear not ill-will to others, so shall others bear not ill-will to you. Cheerfully meet and salute with both hands the Guru's Sikhs. Walk humbly and speak civilly to all. When you eat, share your food with others, and live by honest labour. By observing these instructions you shall obtain all happiness."

Advice

The following was the Guru's instruction to a soldier who went to him for spiritual advice, "The one who exercises bravery shall be fearless in the battlefield. The one who resolves to conquer or die in arms, and who, when dying, clasps the True Name to their heart, shall remove the sins of many births and obtain deliverance. Without remembering God, none shall obtain a place in God's court. The one who fearlessly challenges the foe and falls around the clash of arms, shall feel the joy the Yogis long for, and arrive at the permanent home of happiness. Many pleasures shall await the one as he stays in the realms of the brave. The greatest merit of a soldier is not to show their back to the enemy. A hero obtains happiness for themselves both here and hereafter by the might of their arms. If they conquer they obtain the sovereignty of the earth, while if they pass away celestial happiness is their portion. Fight for those whose salt you have eaten. Give your life for your sovereign, and your fame shall be great in both worlds."

Souls Of Ancestors

Setha, Gobinda and Bhaga, residents of Chaniot in the Jhang district of the Punjab, went with troubled minds to the Guru to inquire whether the corn they had distributed in alms for the tranquillity of the souls of their ancestors ever reached them. The Guru replied in the negative, quoting in support of his decision the seventeenth slok of the Asa ki War. The Guru added that they could not know where their ancestors were, so it was of no avail to make them offerings.

Food Rituals

Paira and Jetha one day visited the Guru, and said it was their custom to throw some of their cooked food into the fire before eating. The Guru denied the necessity of throwing food into the fire. Men need only repeat God's name, "Waheguru! Waheguru!"

In the time of Guru Arjan, thousands were converted to Sikhism in the Punjab, and all the neighbouring countries. It is said that the hill rajas of Kulu, Suket, Haripur and Chamba visited the Guru, and became his followers, as the Raja of Mandi had previously done.

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