After persecution from the mughal government the Sikhs began organizing regular training exercises and became a rallying point for people disaffected by the mughals.
Increasing tensions erupted during a clash between a group of Sikh and mughal hunting parties.
The Battle of Amritsar started with the capture of a rare white Baz (hawk) which had been a gift to Shah Jahan from the Emperor of Persia. (The Hawk was at the time one of the royal symbols of authority).
On Vaisaki a party of Shah Jahan's troops were hunting in a royal private reserve near Gumtala village near Amritsar at the same time as some of the Guru's Sikhs.
The Guru's hawk downed a special, rare white hawk that had been a gift of the Shah of Persia. The Sikhs had picked up and tethered the white hawk unaware that it belonged to the emperor. The mughal troops, no doubt in a panic had seen the hawk fall and came looking for the Emperors prized Baz.
The mughals are said to have used some derogatory language towards the Sikhs who refused to return the hawk and this soon escalated into a small violent conflict between the two parties with the mughals leaving the fight.
First the mini fortress of Lohgarh was attacked. The Sikhs stationed there, though small in number, provide stiff resistance. The attackers had an upper hand over the Sikhs on the first day of the battle but suffered a number of casualties. They looted and plundered all the property and holy residence of Guru Sahib. The mughal force also attacked the house where Guru Hargobind had been staying but did not find anything because it had been evacuated earlier.
The battle saw fierce fighting near where Khalsa College, Amritsar and Gurdwara Sri Pipli Sahib, Amritsar is located. Bhai Bhanno was killed in the fighting and Guru Hargobind took up command when he died. The Sikhs, after consolidating their position, struck back, giving a devastating blow to the mughal force. The general, Mukhlis Khan had been captured by the Sikhs on two occasions, each time Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji gave orders to free the prisoner. Each time he attacked back with his force.
Eventually, the battle moved to the site of Gurdwara Sri Sangrana Sahib Chabba where after further fighting Mukhilis Khan had challenged Guru Ji to a one on one duel, while the other soldiers looked on.
The duel did not last very long, Guru Hargobind asked Mukhilis to attack first, just to make sure the mughal general would have no regrets, Mukhilis Khan made three swings at Guru Ji, each time, Guru Ji had evaded the swing, finally Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji had decided to finish the job, in one swing, Guru Ji had cut Mukhilis Khan's body directly in two pieces, as the mughals looked in terror, they started to retreat.
Sikh began to chase the retreating mughals but Guru Hargobind stopped them saying that the Sikhs had nothing to gain but inflicting further pain on a defeated enemy. Guru Hargobind collected the bodies of 13 Sikh martyrs, namely Bhai Nand Ji, Bhai Jaita Ji, Bhai Pirana Ji, Bhai Tota Ji, Bhai Tirloka Ji, Bhai Sai Das Ji, Bhai Paida Ji, Bhai Bhagtoo Ji, Bhai Nanta Ji, Bhai Nihala Ji, Bhai Takhtoo Ji, Bhai Mohan Ji and Bhai Gopal Ji, and cremated them togther. The dead muslims were buried in a deep pit.
The battle ended in a decisive Sikh victory, resulting in Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji gaining great respect with the local people. Gurdwara Sri Sangrana Sahib Chabba was built on Guru Hargobind's instructions in memory of the martyred Sikhs.
After the battle a woman, Mata Sulakhani, from the nearby village of Chabba asked Guru Hargobind for a boon. Mata Sulakhani, a childless woman, asked Guru Hargobind for the blessing of a son. Further, Mata Sulakhani wanted the blessing in writing. It is said that when Guru Hargobind wrote the number 1, Guru Sahib's horse moved and the number became a 7. As a result, Mata Sulakhani subsequently became the mother of seven sons.
Local tradition also claims the place to have been consecrated by Sri Guru Arjan Sahib Ji (1563-1606), who stopped here for the night on his way to Amritsar along with pothis containing the Gurbani (sacred hymns) of his predecessors borrowed from Baba Mohan of Goindwal.
Gurdwara Sri Sangrana Sahib Chabba is located within a walled compound entered through an imposing two storey gateway. The central building is a hall with a square sanctum in the middle. Above the sanctum is a domed room topped by a gold plated pinnacle. Guru ka Langar, community kitchen, is on the right of the central building and on the left side is an old well and the sarovar, holy tank. Adjoining the sarovar is the diwan hall. The Gurdwara is managed by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee through a local committee.
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