Mandi, formerly known as Mandav Nagar, also known as Sahor (Tibetan: Zahor), is a major city and a municipal council in the State of Himachal Pradesh.
The Princely State of Mandi was founded by Bahu Sen in 1200 AD. But Ajbar Sen was the one who founded historical city of Mandi in 1526 AD. The Chiefs of Mandi State are said to be the descendants of common ancestors of the Chandervanshi line of rajputs of the Sen dynasty of Bengal.
The Old Mandi capital was abandoned and the site of present capital was acquired. Some historians put the selection of present capital in the year 1527 AD.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh added Mandi to the Sikh Empire in 1839 but Maharaja Ranjit Singh died on 27th June 1839. Eventually, the British ruled Mandi. In 1849, Princely states of Mandi, Suket and Chamba were put under the control of Superintendent 'Cis-Satluj States'.
The present district of Mandi was formed with the merger of two princely states Mandi State and Suket (Sundernagar) on the 15 April 1948, when the State of Himachal Pradesh was established.
There are 2 Historic Sikh Gurdwaras in Mandi City.
Gurdwara Sri Padal Sahib is an extremely beautiful Gurdwara in a very scenic location.
Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji came to visit Mandi at the invitaion of Mandi's ruler Raja Sidh Sen. Guru Gobind Singh stayed here for a little over six months.
Although the Raja invited Guru Gobind Singh to stay in his palace, Guru Gobind Singh set up tents on the bank of the nearby River Beas.
Gurdwara Sri Padal Sahib marks the location of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji's camp. Instead, the Raja's family accomodated the Sikh women in palace.
When Guru Gobind Singh was about to leave Mandi, Raja Sidh Sen visited Guru Ji near the banks of the Beas river. The Raja asked Guru Gobind Singh as to who would protect Mandi after his departure, who would save them from mughal emperor Aurangzeb's cruelty and terrorism. The Raja asked his question just as Guru Gobind Singh aimed his musket at a clay pitcher floating down the river. The Guru's musket ball pierced the pitcher but even with a hole in its side, the pitcher stayed intact and continued to float downstream.
Guru Gobind Singh used the floating pitcher as a metaphor in his response. Guru Gobind Singh remarked,
"Jaise Bachi yeh Handi, Waise Bachegi teri Mandi. Jo mandi ko lootan gae, aasmani goley chootey gein."
"As this pitcher has survived, so shall Mandi be saved. If anyone tries to loot Mandi, musket balls will rain from the sky."
Guru Gobind Singh was known to be an excellent marksman, both with a musket and with a bow. Some of his arrows, which were weighted with an ounce of gold, still exist in collections in Punjab. The ounce of gold was added to afford medicine for any attacker not killed by an arrow shot by the Guru. However, more often than not, the gold served to support of the victim's surviving family members.
Some of Guru Gobind Singh's belongings are still preserved at Gurdwara Sri Padal Sahib; a Manji (Bed), a Rabab (musical instrument), a Bandookh (Musket), a Gun Kuppy (Powder horn) and a Talai (Mattress). In the river Beas, very near Gurdwara Sri Padal Sahib there is also a large rock where Guru Gobind Singh would often sit and pray to God during Guru Ji's stay in Mandi.
Gurdwara Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Mandi was maintained by the Rulers family in the palace that the Sikh women stayed in. If you have any information on this historic gurdwara, please contact us.
Gurmat Gyan (Knowledge)
Other Gurbani Contributors
Live Gurdwara Kirtan