Samana is a city and a municipal council in Patiala district of the State of Punjab.
Samana traces its history to the days of Raja Jaipal who ruled over, among others, the territories of Bhatinda, Samana.
Samana fell into the hands of Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Gauri after the conquest of Ajmer and Delhi and was entrusted to Qutb-ud-Din Aibek in 1192, along with the territories of Ghuram and Sunam. With the increasing importance of Sirhind under the mughals, Samana received a little set-back.
While Samana is said to be a place of saints and scholars during the days of the mughals, it is notorious for its professional executioners, who served at Delhi and Sirhind. Sayyad Jala-ud-Din, who executed Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji at Delhi in 1675 was from Samana.
The Beg brothers, who mercilessly butchered the younger sons of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji also belonged to Samana. This hated town was therefore one of the first places to have been sacked by Baba Banda Singh Bahadur.
The mughals retook Samana towards the end of 1710 AD. Sikhs regained control in about 1742 AD by Baba Ala Singh, the founder of the Patiala ruling family and was recognized as part of his territories by Ahmad Shah Durani.
There are 2 Historic Sikh Gurdwaras in Samana which both relate to Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji.
When Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji started his journey towards Delhi, he came to Samana via Kiratpur Sahib, Bharatgarh, Ropar, Bahadurgarh and Moti Bagh. Guru Ji arrived at the place of Sai Anayat Ali. Guru Tegh Bahadur would hold regular diwans and teach the local Sangat about Sikhi. The place where Guru Tegh Bahadur would sit is known as Gurdwara Sri Thara Sahib Samana.
The adjoining area to Gurdwara Sri Thara Sahib belonged to a cruel muslim whose ancestors used to be hindus. When one of Guru Tegh Bahadur's Sikhs went to fetch water from a nearby well, the muslim threw the bone of a dead cow into the well. As a result Guru Tegh Bahadur built a new well for the villagers.
Nawab Bhikhan Shah, a muslim who owned a nearby Garhi (fort), was a great follower of Guru Tegh Bahadur. The Nawab knew that Guru Tegh Bahadur was a man of God and offered many gifts for Guru Ji. The village had mughal spies who had informed the authorities that Guru Tegh Bahadur was nearby. Nawab Bhikhan Shah met muslim soldiers who had some to Samana to arrest Guru Ji.
Nawab Bhikhan Shah told the soldiers that Samana was a place for pure muslims and so a Sikh Guru could not stay there. Later, Bhikhan Shah told Guru Tegh Bahadur the whole story and asked Guru Ji to accompany him back to his garhi. This is where Gurdwara Sri Garhi Sahib Samana is located. Bhikhan Shah said that it would bring huge shame on his family if Guru Tegh Bahadur was arrested in Samana, and his home, which is why he wanted to help Guru Ji.
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