Ropar, also known as Rupnagar, is a city and a municipal council in Ropar or Rupnagar district in the State of Punjab.
Ropar is a newly created fifth 'Divisional Headquarters' of Punjab comprising Ropar, Mohali, and its adjoining districts.
The ancient town of Rupnagar is said to have been named by a Raja called Rokeshar, who ruled during the 11th century and named it after his son Rup Sen.
Ropar is a popular route through to Kiratpur Sahib and Anandpur Sahib and is considered one of many gateways into the Himalayas. It is also one of the bigger sites belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization.
There are 5 Historic Sikh Gurdwaras around the outer parts of Ropar city.
Gurdwara Sri Sadabarat Sahib is a key route to Anandpur Sahib, and Kiratpur Sahib, and was visited by at least 5 Guru Sahib's seperately.
Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji came here while travelling from Daroli Bhai Ki to Kiratpur. Guru Sahib did many of the good things for the benefit of people living in Doaba including starting Langar at various places. Guru Hargobind also stopped here after winning the 1634 Battle of Gurusar while travelling to Kiratpur.
Sri Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji made his first stop here while travelling to Delhi from Kiratpur. A lot of people arrived to see the young Guru Sahib. Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji arrived here while travelling to and from Anandpur Sahib to Bihar-Assam. Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji first stopped here at a young age while travelling to Anandpur from Patna for the first time. Guru Sahib made many journeys through here. Mata Gujri, Mata Sundari and Mata Sahib Kaur also accompanied Guru Gobind Singh.
The place where Gurdwara Sri Sadabarat Sahib now stands was an important stopping place for merchants, and others, travelling to and from the mountain areas. It is said that even Guru Nanak may have stayed at this place while returning from Kiratpur Sahib after meeting Pir Buddan Shah. Later, Guru Hargobind halted at this place while proceeding from Kartarpur to Kiratpur Sahib. Thereafter, Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, Sri Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji also frequently visited the place.
Gurdwara Sri Sadabarat Sahib is said to have been built in 1930. Keeping in view the importance of the place, Raja Bhup Singh, the ruler of Ropar started Langar which was served day and night to visitors; therefore this place came to be known as Gurdwara Sri Sadabarat Sahib ('Sada' means always and 'Barat' means a group of people). The raised platform from where Raja Bhup Singh would serve food to the people still exists. A big festival is held here annually on the occasion of Magh in the month of January.
Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji came to this place 4 times. After winning the Battle of Bhangani on his way back to Anandpur Sahib, via Gurdwara Sri Baoli Sahib Dhakauli and Gurdwara Sri Nadha Sahib Panchkula, Guru Gobind Singh arrived here. At the time a bhatha (kiln) was situated. It was burning at full capacity. Guru Ji asked the bhatha labourers about a place he could rest.
Knowingly or unknowningly the labourers pointed towards the bhatha. Guru Ji directed his horse (Neela) to step on the extremely hot kiln. At once the bhatha cooled down and Guru Ji's horse hoof left a mark (a hoof print which can be seen at the Gurdwara). One of the labourers informed Chaudhary Nihang Khan, the owner of the bhatha, who was in his Qila at the time. He rushed to the bhatha and to his astonishment saw Guru Gobind Singh sitting on the bhatha. Chaudhary bowed his head in front of the Guru and asked for a pardon. Chaudhary then took Guru Ji to his fort. On the following day, Guru Gobind Singh and his Singhs proceeded to Anandpur.
During Guru Gobind Singh's second visit, Guru Ji came to this place for the engagement of Alam Khan, Chaudary Nihang Khan's son. On Guru Gobind Singh's return from Kurukshetra, Guru Ji stopped here for his third visit. After Guru Gobind Singh left Anandpur for the final time, Guru stopped here for his forth and final visit. He asked Nihang Khan to look after Bhai Bachittar Singh as Bhai Ji had been mortally wounded. As a huge mughal force was chasing Guru Ji, he left. But before leaving, Guru Ji provided Nihang Khan with a Sri Sahib, a katar and a shield.
The items can be viewed at the Gurdwara and Bhai Bachittar Singh's shastaars can be viewed at Gurdwara Sri Shaheed Ganj Bhai Bachittar Singh in Kotla Nihang, Ropar. Prakash Diwas of 1st, 5th and 10th Patshahi, Sangrand with Amrit Sanchar, Jor Mela from 1st Poh to 4th Poh and the anniversary of Baba Jiwan Singh Ji on 11th are organised here.
Bhai Bachittar Singh (d. 1705), warrior and martyr, was the second son of Bhai Mani Ram, a Minhas Rajput and Sikh of the Gurus. Baba Ji's martyrdom is an inspiration for all of us and shows how a Gursikh fights in the battlefield. Shaheedaa'n Nu Lakh Lakh Parnaam!
One of the five brothers presented by their father for service to Guru Gobind Singh, he joined the order of the Khalsa on the historic Vaisakhi day, 30th March 1699. Bhai Bachittar Singh shot into prominence during the first battle of Anandpur against the hill chieftains.
On 1st September 1700, Bhai Bachittar Singh was selected by Guru Gobind Singh to single-handedly face a drunken elephant brought forth by the enemy to batter down the gate of Lohgarh Fort. As the elephant approached the gate, Bachittar Singh, (as narrated in the Gurbilas Patshahi 10) sallied forth on horseback and made a powerful thrust with his spear piercing the elephant's armour plate and injuring the animal in the forehead. The wounded elephant ran back creating havoc and great damage in the enemy's ranks. As a result of Bhai Sahib's bold action, the Sikhs gained an upper hand in this conflict.
Bachittar Singh also took part in actions at Nirmohgarh and Basali and in the last battle of Anandpur. In December 1705, when Anandpur was evacuated, he was one of those who safely crossed the torrential Sirsa rivulet. At the head of a flanking guard watching pursuers from the direction of Ropar, he had an encounter with a body of irregulars near Malikpur Ranghran in which he was seriously wounded. He was carried, near death, to Nihang Khan's house at Kotla Nihang Khan by Sahibzada Baba Ajit Singh and Bhai Madan Singh.
Guru Gobind Singh asked Nihang Khan to look after Bachittar Singh, after which Guru Sahib proceeded with the remaining forty or so Sikhs towards Chamkaur. Guru Gobind Singh, before his departure, bestowed upon Nihang Khan; a sword, a dagger and a shield. These items can be viewed at Gurdwara Sri Bhatta Sahib
Rumors spread as quickly in those days as they do today, so hearing that Nihang Khan was sheltering some Sikhs, the mughal troops searched his house while the mortally wounded Bachittar Singh lay in a small room attended by Nihang Khan's daughter. Living up to his name, Nihang Khan maintained his cool and succeeded in keeping the search party from entering the room by telling them that his daughter was nursing her very sick husband. Thus the danger was averted, but the life of Bachittar Singh could not be saved.
Bhai Bachittar Singh succumbed to his injuries and breathed his last around 22nd December 1705. Gurdwara Sri Shaheed Ganj Bhai Bachittar Singh marks the site where the great warrior Bhai Bachittar Singh was cremated. Bhai Bachittar Singh's shastaars can be viewed at the Gurdwara. Bhai Bachittar Singh's Nagni Barcha is preserved at Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib and his Tegha is preserved at Sri Akal Takht Sahib.
Nihang Khan's daughter was named Bibi Mumtaz Sahib. When the mortally wounded Bhai Bachittar Singh lay in a small room attended by Bibi Mumtaz, Bibi Mumtaz heard her father say that his daughter was nursing her very sick husband. So Bibi Mumtaz decided to accept Bhai Bachittar Singh as her husband from that moment onwards. After Bhai Bachittar Singh re-joined with God, Bibi Mumtaz chose to remain unmarried and lived like a widow of Bhai Bachittar Singh.
Gurdwara Yaadgar Bibi Mumtaz Sahib is located 12 km's east of Ropar city, in a beautiful scenic area, at the site of a former fort where Bibi Mumtaz chose to live for her remaining life.
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