Bhagani, a small village on the bank of the River Yamuna in Paonta tehsil of Sirmaur district, is the place where Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji fought his first battle against the hill chiefs in 1688.
A fierce and bloody battle was fought, when Rajput hill Rajas jointly attacked Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
The dispute with the hill chiefs arose when Raja Bhim Chand of Kahlur, annoyed with Guru Gobind Singh over the latter's refusal to give him a trained elephant, went to Srinagar (Garhwal) to marry his son Ajmer Chand to the daughter or Raja Fateh Chand of Garhwal.
As Fateh Chand was friendly with Guru Gobind Singh, then staying at Paonta Sahib, the Guru, too, sent a few Sikhs to Srinagar with tambol, the customary wedding present in cash.
Bhim Chand forced Raja Fateh Chand to refuse the present from one who was his (Bhim Chand's) enemy. Not content with that, he also made Fateh Chand and other chiefs to agree to attack Paonta after the marriage.
Guru Gobind Singh came to know of their plan and made preparations. He came forward to Bhangani at the location of this Gurdwara to meet the invaders. The battle took place on 16th April 1688 (though some chroniclers differ on this point), and ended on the same day with a complete victory for the Guru.
Raja Bhim Chand, Raja Fateh Singh and Raja Kesri Singh led the Rajput troops. The Sikhs fought valiantly with courage and determination. Their patriotic fervour came handy and they carried the day under the command of Guru Gobind Singh.
This was a decisive battle won by the Guru. Praises were showered on him for his valour, skill and courage in the battlefield. Pir Buddhu Shah along with his 500 disciples fought on the side of the Guru. His timely help, was appreciated by the Guru. A Gurdwara stands today at the place where the battle of Bhangani took place.
Gurdwara Sri Teer Garhi Sahib, situated a few hundred yards away from Gurdwara Sri Bhangani Sahib, was where Guru Gobind Singh Ji had his command post.
A congregational fair is held on 16th, 17th and 18th of Baisakh (end of April) to commemorate the victorious battle of Bhangani.
Although only 11 kilometres from Paonta Sahib as the crow flies, Bhangani is approached by a 22 kilometres, stretch of a winding, fair weather though motorable road.
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