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Gurdwara Kapal Mochan Sahib

Location - Bilaspur Road, Kapal Mochan, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana, India


Associated with - Sri Guru Nanak Sahib Ji, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji


Sikh Artifacts - unknown


Sarovar - Yes


Sarai - unknown


Gurdwara Kapal Mochan Sahib is situated in the Kapal Mochan City in Yamunagar Dist.

Gurdwara Kapal Mochan Sahib was visited by Guru Nanak Sahib Ji (where he rejected the system of Sootak or Puerperium) and was later visited by Guru Gobind Singh Ji after the battle of Bhangani.

Guru Nanak At Kapal Mochan Sahib

Guru Nanak Sahib Ji visited this Kapal Mochan after his visit to Haridwar via Saharanpur in the year 1584 Bikrami on Katak's full moon.

During Guru's stay at Kapal Mochan, a merchant provided food to all the visiting religous men. However when a child was born at the merchant's house, the religous men stopped eating food due to Sootak (a period of 13 to 40 days after childbirth).

Sootak And Uncleanliness

In India hindu's believe there are times when unclean days attaches themselves to a man, woman or a family. Sootak is of two types - Jaat Sootak and Mrit Sootak or Paatak. Jaat Sootak is the period when a child is born in a family, and Mrit Sootak is when somebody dies in a family.

There are some other unclean days also, such as, at the time of menstruation, a woman is in Sootak for four days. She doesn't touch anything. Nobody touches her. She does not worship or go to temple, or cook food. After four days she becomes clean after taking bath.

1. Jaat Sootak - When a baby is born, the mother and the child are in Sootak. They are kept separate for seven days. After seven days they are given bath and the Sootak is cleared. In this Sootak, no Brahman takes food in that house, no auspicious Karm is done, everything is just in sleep state.

2. Mrit Sootak or Paatak applies when a person dies in a house. People do not worship and go to their work for three days. To cook certain kinds of food is also prohibited for 10 days. Auspicious Karm are prohibited for 13 days, Brahman also do not take food in that house for 13 days. No worship takes place in that house. On 13th day after taking bath, Braahman are fed and the Sootak is cleared, and normal work is resumed.
(Naarad Puraan, p 432)

If there is any miscarriage, or if the child dies immediately after the birth, or if a child dies after the birth, then the period of uncleanliness is to be reckoned according to the custom of the family. The period of uncleanliness is 10 days in case of a Braahman, 12 days in case a Kshatriya and 15 days in case of Vaishya. For Shoodra it is 30 days.

(The information in the above section was taken from a hindu website)

Guru Nanak's Response

ਸਲੋਕੁ ਮਃ ੧ ॥
Slok, First Mehl:

ਜੇ ਕਰਿ ਸੂਤਕੁ ਮੰਨੀਐ ਸਭ ਤੈ ਸੂਤਕੁ ਹੋਇ ॥
If one accepts the concept of impurity, then there is impurity everywhere.

ਗੋਹੇ ਅਤੈ ਲਕੜੀ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਕੀੜਾ ਹੋਇ ॥
In cow-dung and wood there are worms.

ਜੇਤੇ ਦਾਣੇ ਅੰਨ ਕੇ ਜੀਆ ਬਾਝੁ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥
As many as are the grains of corn, none is without life.

ਪਹਿਲਾ ਪਾਣੀ ਜੀਉ ਹੈ ਜਿਤੁ ਹਰਿਆ ਸਭੁ ਕੋਇ ॥
First, there is life in the water, by which everything else is made green.

ਸੂਤਕੁ ਕਿਉ ਕਰਿ ਰਖੀਐ ਸੂਤਕੁ ਪਵੈ ਰਸੋਇ ॥
How can it be protected from impurity? It touches our own kitchen.

ਨਾਨਕ ਸੂਤਕੁ ਏਵ ਨ ਉਤਰੈ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਉਤਾਰੇ ਧੋਇ ॥੧॥
O Nanak, impurity cannot be removed in this way; it is washed away only by spiritual wisdom. ||1||

(Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Ang 472)

Listening to this shabad, the religous and the pandits fell on Guru Ji's feet and became his Sikhs.

Guru Gobind Singh At Kapal Mochan Sahib

Guru Gobind Singh also visited Kapal Mochan Sahib after the battle of Bhangani in 1679 AD, on his way to Paonta Sahib. Guru Gobind Singh stayed at Kapal Mochan for 52 days. The soldiers cleaned their weapons and tested them to meet future challenges.

Guru Gobind Singh distributed awards and Saropas to brave soldiers who distinguished themselves in the Battle of Bhangani. Guru Gobind Singh also exhorted his followers to maintain the sanctity of the sacred place. He gave the local granthi a copper plate with his signature as memento.

It is said that Guru Gobind Singh spoke with the pandits of Kapal Mochan. He gave them a hukamnama which is still preserved. In Dasam Granth, Khalsa Mahima (the praise of Khalsa) and Charitar 71 describe a few events happened during Gobind Singh's stay at Kapal Mochan.

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