Sound: 'a' as the 'a' in 'pentagon' - see note*.
*Note: Being a vowel, it can take on a number of sounds:
• ਅ - (very) short 'a' like the 'a' in 'pentagon';
• ਆ - long 'a' like the 'a' in 'car';
• ਐ - cross-between: 'a' like the 'a' in 'cat' and the 'e' in 'pet' - a bit like the 'ae' in 'aeroplane';
• •ਔ - long 'au' like the 'au' in 'Paul';
Note that the ਅ sound is the default sound that occurs after each of the consonant sounds of the alphabet when it appears in a word, (except the last consonant of the word which doesn't have the 'a' sound), therefore, each consonant is effectively a syllable.
Gurmat Gyan (Knowledge)
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